Services for Teen Parents
0100-510.40 | Revision Date: 04/20/16
This policy guide instructs staff on how to assess the safety of pregnant and/or parenting teens' children. This policy guide also provides staff with placement services and helpful resources.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Reproductive Health Care
Assessment of Risk of Abuse and Neglect
Placement Services and Requirements
Placement Types, Rates, and Requirements
Requesting New Rates
Whole Family Foster Home (WFFH)
Whole Family Foster Home (WFFH) Infant Supplement Rate
Whole Family Foster Home Initial Certification and Annual Re-Certification
Shared Responsibility Plan (SRP)
Foster Family Agency (FFA) Responsibilities
Group Home Rates
DPSS Services Assessment
Minor Parent Rule
DPSS Referral of Teen Parent under the Minor Parent Rule
DPSS Referral of Teen Parent Exempt from the Minor Parent Rule
Dependent Teen Parent is Residing at Home and Receiving Family Maintenance (FM) Services
Dependent Teen Parent is Residing in Out-of-Home Care and Receiving Family Reunification (FR) or Permanent Placement (PP) Services
Involving the Non-Custodial Parent
DCFS Minor Parent Program Receives the CW25 Form from DPSS
Minor Parent Program SCSW Responsibilities
Minor Parent Program CSW Responsibilities
Referenced Policy Guides
This policy guide was updated from the 07/01/14 version to reflect changes to WIC 361.8 regarding the assessment of risk of abuse or neglect of a child of a minor parent or nonminor dependent parent.
DCFS-served youth can be seen at any of the Medical Hubs for counseling and discussion of available birth control options.
The child of a minor parent or nonminor dependent parent must not be considered to be at risk of abuse or neglect solely on the basis of information concerning the parent's or parents' placement history, past behaviors, or health or mental health diagnoses occurring prior to the pregnancy, although that information may be taken into account when considering whether other factors exist that place the child at risk of abuse or neglect.
DCFS seeks to maintain the continuity of the Teen Parent Family Unit by ensuring teen parents and their children are placed together in the most family-like setting possible, unless it has been determined that placement together poses a risk to the child. Every attempt must be made to locate foster parents or other placement models willing to provide Whole Family Placement and supportive family focused care for the teen and their child.
If the teen parent agrees, the family should be referred for a. A PPT is held for any pregnant or parenting teen under DCFS supervision to identify and discuss issues related to pregnancy and early stages of child rearing.
CSWs must select and maintain foster care placements that demonstrate a willingness and ability to provide support and assistance to dependent teen parents and their children.
Dependent teen parents and their children living in foster care must be provided access to existing services for which they may be eligible that are specifically targeted at supporting, maintaining, and developing both the parent-child bond and the teen parent's ability to provide a permanent and safe home for the child. The teen parent must be encouraged and allowed the opportunity to attend school, complete homework, and participate in age and developmentally appropriate activities unrelated to and separate from parenting.
Contact between the child, the custodial parent, and the non-custodial parent must be facilitated when that contact is found to be in the best interest of the child.
The caregiver should be provided with information on the WFFH certification, SRPs, and corresponding payment rates.
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The child of a teen parent, who is under DCFS supervision, must be provided the opportunity to have a relationship with both parents. For dependent children of teen parent(s), as part of the assessment of the family, the non-custodial parent’s commitment to the child, including their ability and willingness to provide child support and appropriateness as a parental figure must be included. Neither the age difference of the parents, nor the custodial parent’s reluctance to involve the non-custodial parent can prevent visitation between the non-custodial parent and the child. However, age difference and the relationship between the parents, in addition to commitment to the child, willingness to support the child, etc., are factors to consider in determining the appropriateness of the individual as a parental figure.
Non-custodial parents who have a commitment to their children and who have been assessed by the CSW to be appropriate parental figures should be encouraged to develop a relationship with their children. The non-custodial parent’s visitation plan with his or her child must be included in the case plan and discussed with the custodial parent and, if applicable, with the custodial teen parent’s out-of-home caregiver and case-carrying CSW.
If the non-custodial parent is a DCFS supervised youth, visitation must be arranged through ainvolving the non-custodial teen parent, the custodial parent, any out-of-home caregiver, the teen parent’s case-carrying CSW, and any other support person. The visitation plan is to be included in the case plan for the child, when applicable, and the teen parent. If there is a different case-carrying CSW for the dependent child of the parent, they are responsible for developing the case plan for the dependent child and including parental visitation. The case-carrying CSW for the non-custodial teen parent is responsible for developing a case plan for the non-custodial teen parent that supports the with their child and the development of their parenting skills.
If the non-custodial parent lacks parenting skills or has a negative relationship with the custodial parent, services to assist the non-custodial parent in developing parenting skills or improving their relationship should be made part of the appropriate case plan(s). Monitoring of the non-custodial parent’s follow-through with the case plan will help determine the appropriateness of ongoing involvement with their child. If the non-custodial parent’s involvement with their child is unsafe or detrimental to the child, the custodial parent should be assisted in obtaining legal safeguards such as restraining and custody orders. CSW is to assess whether filing a petition and seeking detention from the father is appropriate.
If the teen parent (either custodial or non-custodial) resides in out-of-home care, the caregiver must be involved in the case plan regarding parent/child visitation and parenting skills-building. Failure to cooperate with the case plan is aand must be reported to the Child Protection Hotline.
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The status of the father of a child of a DCFS supervised teen mother must be investigated. Pursuant to, any person who engages in an act of unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor who is not more than three years older or three years younger that the perpetrator , is guilty of a misdemeanor. Perpetrators who are more than three years older than the minor or perpetrator age 21 or older when the minor is under 16 years of age have committed either a misdemeanor or a felony in causing the teen mother to become pregnant. CSWs are mandated to report suspected child abuse regarding sexual activity between an adolescent and an adult partner/perpetrator. All fathers must be permitted visitation with their children, unless the court makes specific orders to the contrary. In some instances, the CSW will need to report the non-custodial parent as a suspected child abuse perpetrator to the Child Protection Hot Line and to local law enforcement while simultaneously working with the non-custodial parent to develop a safe plan for visitation with his or her child. Careful consideration must be given to the appropriateness of contact between the teen parent and the child's father in such a case.
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When a teen parent in foster care has custody of the child and the child is not a dependent of the court, visitation among the teen parent, the non-dependent child's non-custodial parent, and appropriate family members is to be ordered by the court, unless the court finds clear and convincing evidence that visitation would be detrimental to the teen parent. CSWs shouldas determined by the case plan and the court's order.
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Teen parents must be placed with their non-dependent or dependent child/ren whenever possible while the teen parent is in foster care.
CSWs should use the CWS/CMS Special Projects Coding to document the appropriate type of placement. The dependent child's teen parent must be receiving Family Reunification ServicesActivities designed to provide time-limited foster care services to prevent or remedy neglect, abuse, or exploitation. The child remains in temporary foster care while services are provided to reunite the family. for the child placed in the same facility with the teen parent.
The purpose of WFFHs is to provide out-of-home care to dependent teens and their non-dependent children, while assisting the teen parents in developing the skills they will need to provide a safe, stable, and permanent home for their children. A WFFH can be:
Group homes may not become WFFHs.
When using a WFFH, it is the CSW's responsibility to assess the appropriateness of the home and to help prepare the home for the infant/toddler, keeping the following in consideration:
To cover the costs of the care and supervision provided in WFFHs, the infant supplement rate has been increased to the equivalent of the AFDC-FC basic rate according to the child's age. This rate applies only to non-dependent children placed with their dependent teen parents who are residing in a WFFH as described above. The same rate is paid for the care and supervision of the child of a nonminor dependent as is paid for the child of a teen parent in a WFFH.
A caregiver must successfully complete 16 hours of specialized, DCFS-approved training to receive initial certification as a WFFH provider and 4 hours of training annually for re-certification. The caregiver must provide a copy of their initial completion certificate to the CSW.
A WFFH certified caregiver and the teen parent have the option to develop a Shared Responsibility Plan (SRP). The SRP is created to help develop the parent-child bond, assist the teen parent in their transition to independence, and create a successful, supportive, and nurturing placement for both the teen parent and child. In addition, the SRP provides clear, realistic guidelines for both the teen parent and the adult caregiver as to the responsibilities of each.
The SRP is a written agreement between the dependent teen parent and their caregiver about the duties, rights, and responsibilities each has with regard to the teen parent's nondependent child. The SRP does the following:
Because things can change from week to week, the SPR must be flexible. It might be necessary to review and revise the SRP Weekly Planner on a weekly basis (or even more frequently).
If an SRP is developed, it must be done by the teen parent and the WFFH certified caregiver in collaboration with the CSW. The SRP must be designed to preserve, strengthen and maintain the continuity of the teen parent family unit, to facilitate a supportive home environment for the teen parent and the child, and to ultimately enable the teen parent to independently provide a safe, stable, and permanent home for the child. The SRP must not limit the teen parent's legal right to make decisions regarding the care, custody, and control of the child.
The caregiver will receive an additional $200 a month (SRP rate). The SRP rate is available for each non-dependent child for whom an SRP has been developed.
CSWs are to develop the SRP with the WFFH certified caregiver and teen parent within 30 days of placement of the teen parent and their non-dependent child. If the CSW and/or the FFA social worker are not able to participate in the creation of the SRP within 30 days of placement, then the caregiver and the teen parent may develop an SRP on their own. However, the SRP must be reviewed and approved by the CSW who will submit it to the EW/TA to initiate the SRP rate. Copies of the SRP are to be provided to the teen parent, their attorney, the caregiver, and the FFA.
Every six (6) months, the SRP must be reviewed, updated if necessary, reauthorized by the CSW, and resubmitted to the EW/TA for continuation of the SRP rate. If the SRP is not reauthorized by the CSW and resubmitted to the EW/TA, the SRP payment will be discontinued.
CSWs must document the effectiveness of the approved SRP in the DCFS case record. The SRP remains in effect as long as it is relevant and may be amended at any time to meet the current needs of the family. As soon as any changes are made to a previously approved SRP, the caregiver must advise the CSW.
RelativeFor the purpose of placement and foster care payments: An adult who is related to the child by blood, adoption or affinity within the fifth degree of kinship, including stepparents, stepsiblings, and all relatives whose status is preceded by the words, "great," "great-great" or "grand" or the spouse of any of these persons even if the marriage was terminated by death or dissolution. caregivers, who, prior to Kin-GAP, were WFFH certified while the teen parent family unit was placed in their home, will continue to receive the WFFH Infant Supplement Rate under KinGAP for the teen parent's child. Additionally, KinGAP recipients who were designated at a WFFH and who received the same payment while the teen parent was in foster care may continue to receive the same payment amount. A new SRP is not required. The previous SRP remain in effect as long as it is relevant and meets the current needs of the family.
FFAs are responsible for appropriate recruitment and training of WFFH certified foster families. An FFA representative, who provides direct and immediate supervision to the caregiver, develops the SRP along with the caregiver and teen parent. The SRP is to outline the duties, rights, and responsibilities of the teen parent and the caregiver with regard to the child, and identify supportive services to be offered to the teen parent by the caregiver and the FFA providing direct and immediate supervision to the caregiver, or both. Assistance with development, approval, and monitoring of the SRP is considered part of the FFA's on-going administrative support to caregivers. The SRP rate to care for a non-dependent child placed with the dependent teen parent in a FFA certified home, where the WFFH certified caregiver and the teen parent have a SRP, must be passed on to the WFFH certified caregiver. FFAs must ensure that the CSW has a current copy of the SRP and any subsequent updates, as well as maintain one copy within the FFA.
A dependent teen parent and their dependent infant, placed together in a group home, receive an age appropriate Rate Classification Level (RCL) group home rate for each dependent placement.
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Non-dependent youth can get cash aid (CalWorks) if they meet all of the following conditions:
The cash aid will be paid to the parent, legal guardian, or other adult relative on behalf of the teen parent.
Thedoes not apply to pregnant or parenting teens in any of the following circumstances, and cash aid may be available under any of these exemptions:
Referral of a Teen Parent as specified in the WIC Minor Parent Rule occurs when a teen parent applies for AFDC and alleges that her/his physical or emotional health or safety, or that of her/his child(ren), would be jeopardized if (s)he lived in the same residence with their parent, legal guardian or other adult relative. DPSS eligibility staff will not make a final determination about granting aid, except in cases where Immediate Need is requested, until a DCFS Minor Parent Program Children’s Social Worker (CSW) informs the DPSS eligibility staff whether the teen parent and her/his child(ren) can safely reside in their parent's, legal guardian's or other adult relative's home.
DCFS has a point CSW assigned to process DPSS Minor Parent referrals. These DPSS Minor Parent referrals are forwarded to Metro North Administration Attn: Assistant Regional Administrator, Shelby Ellis, (213) 763-1533; Fax (213) 763-7015.
Within 20 calendar days of receiving a referral, via the DPSS CW25, Supplemental Statement of Facts – Minor Parent form, the CSW must complete an in-person investigation of the allegation to determine whether the physical or emotional health or safety of the teen parent or child(ren) would be jeopardized if they lived in the same residence with the teen parent's own parent, legal guardian or other adult relative.
If the pregnant or parenting teen and her/his child(ren) cannot safely return to the home of the teen's parent(s) or legal guardian, the CSW must determine if the pregnant or parenting teen and her/his child(ren) can remain safely in their current living arrangement (for example a teen parent is living with her boyfriend or her boyfriend's family). If the pregnant or parenting teen and her/his child(ren) are not safe, then an alternative plan must be developed. The pregnant or parenting teen and her/his child(ren) must move into an approved adult-supervised setting or enter foster care.
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Minor Parent Program SCSW Responsibilities
Minor Parent Program CSW Responsibilities
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Community Colleges Directory
Guide to TILP Summary Assessment of Basic Living Skills
Know Your Rights for Sexual Health Services and Sexual Health Services Available at the Medical Hub Clinics
DCFS 280, Technical Assistance Action Request
DCFS 709, Foster Child's Needs and Case Plan Summary
Parenting Youth’s Consent to Document and Share Her/His Non-Dependent Child’s Health Information
Shared Responsibility Plan
Shared Responsibility Plan Instructions
0070-548.01, Child and Family Teams (CFT)
0080-502.25, Family Maintenance Services for Court and Voluntary Cases
0100-501.10, Child AbuseThe non-accidental commission of injuries against a person. In the case of a child, the term refers specifically to the non-accidental commission of injuries against the child by or allowed by a parent(s)/guardian(s) or other person(s). The term also includes emotional, physical, severe physical, and sexual abuse as defined in CDSS MAPP Sections 31-002(c)(8). and Reporting Act (CANRA)
0100-510.21, Voluntary Placement
0100-570.05, Quality of Life in Out-of-Home Care
0400-504.00, Family Visitation Planning
, Foster Youth Reproductive Health and Pregnancy
– Sets forth "Minor Parent Services" requirements and instructions for DPSS in coordination with DCFS.
Family Code (FC) 3030 – states that registered sex offenders or persons who have been convicted of murdering the child’s other parent, may not be granted custody of or unsupervised visits with a child and may not have a child placed in a home where they reside unless otherwise ordered by the court.
Family Code 7825 – allows the mother of a child conceived by rape to bring a proceeding against the father of the child to prevent him from having custody or control of the child.
– defines unlawful sexual intercourse as, "an act of sexual intercourse accomplished with a person who is not the spouse of the perpetrator, if the person is a minor". It states that any person who engages in an act of unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor who is not more than three years older or three years younger than the perpetrator, is guilty of a misdemeanor. Perpetrators who are more than three years older than the minor or perpetrators age 21 or older when the minor is under 16 years of age are guilty of either a misdemeanor or a felony.
Penal Code 11165.1 – defines sexual assault and sexual exploitation of children.
Welfare and Institutions Code (WIC) 301(c) – requires a dependent teen parent to consult with her/his court appointed attorney prior to entering into a VFM/FR agreement with DCFS.
WIC 361.8 – States that a child of a minor parent or nonminor dependent parent must not be considered to be at risk of abuse or neglect solely on the basis of information concerning the parent's or parents' placement history, past behaviors, or health or mental health diagnoses occurring prior to the pregnancy, although that information may be taken into account when considering whether other factors exist that place the child at risk of abuse or neglect.
WIC 362.1 – States that when a teen parent in foster care has custody of his or her child and the child is not a dependent of the court then, visitation among the teen parent, the non-dependent child’s non-custodial parent, and appropriate family members is to be ordered by the court, unless the court finds clear and convincing evidence that visitation would be detrimental to the teen parent.
– "Minor Parent Rule", states the mandate and provides instruction to DPSS and DCFS regarding eligibility for and provision of AFDC to non-dependent pregnant and parenting teens and their non-dependent children.
WIC 11364 – provides that if a relative was a Whole Family Foster Home with a Shared Responsibility Plan prior to Kin GAP both the Whole Family Foster Home rate and the Shared Responsibility Plan rate may continue while they are a Kin GAP participant.
WIC 11400 defines Whole Family Foster Homes.
WIC 11465(d)(1) – increases the infant supplement rate for non-dependent babies of teen parents living together in Whole Family Foster Homes to equal the basic AFDC-FC and applies to relatives, NREFM’s, non-related legal guardians, KinGAP and FFA certified homes.
WIC 11465(d)(3) – allows Whole Family Foster Home caregivers to receive an additional $200 per month with an approved Shared Responsibility Plan.
WIC 11465(d)(5) – sets forth the requirements for a relative caregiver to continue to receive the Whole Family Foster Home payment rate after entering the Kin-GAP program.
WIC 16002.5 – sets forth the requirements for support, services and placement for the purpose of maintaining the continuity of families headed by teen parents in foster care.
WIC 16004.5 – states the need for development of placements that allow teen parents and their children to remain together; the need for aggregating data on the dependent teen birth rate and the number of teen parent family units in foster care and; development of an infant supplement rate structure that more adequately reimburses caregivers who meet specific criteria.
WIC 16501.25 – sets forth the requirements for a viable Shared Responsibility Plan. Commencing January 1, 2012, "teen parent" also means a nonminor dependent, as defined in subdivision (v) of Section 11400, who is living in a whole family foster home, as defined in subdivision (t) of Section 11400, and is eligible for AFDC-FC or Kin-GAP payments pursuant to Section 11403.
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